Bursa

Bursa is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region. It is the fourth most populous city in Turkey and one of the most industrialized metropolitan centres in the country. The city is also the administrative centre of Bursa Province.

Bursa was the first major and second overall capital of the Ottoman State between 1335 and 1363. The city was referred to as Hüdavendigar (Ottoman: خداوندگار) (meaning “God’s gift”) during the Ottoman period, while a more recent nickname is Yeşil Bursa (meaning “Green Bursa”) in reference to the parks and gardens located across its urban fabric, as well as to the vast and richly varied forests of the surrounding region. The ski resort of Mount Uludağ towers over it. The mountain was called the Mysian Olympus by the Romans who lived there before. Bursa has rather orderly urban growth and borders a fertile plain. The mausoleums of the early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the city’s main landmarks include numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period. Bursa also has thermal baths and several museums, including a museum of archaeology.

The shadow play characters Karagöz and Hacivat are based on historic personalities who lived and died in Bursa. Bursa is also home to some of the most famous Turkish dishes such as İskender kebap, specially candied marron glacés, peaches and Turkish Delight. Bursa houses the Uludağ University, and its population can claim one of the highest overall levels of education in Turkey. The historic towns of İznik (Nicaea), Mudanya and Zeytinbağı are all situated in Bursa Province.

Climate data for Bursa (1950 – 2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
26.9
(80.4)
32.0
(89.6)
36.2
(97.2)
36.5
(97.7)
41.3
(106.3)
43.8
(110.8)
42.2
(108)
38.9
(102)
37.3
(99.1)
31.0
(87.8)
27.3
(81.1)
43.8
(110.8)
Average high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
10.9
(51.6)
13.7
(56.7)
18.8
(65.8)
23.7
(74.7)
28.4
(83.1)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
27.1
(80.8)
21.7
(71.1)
16.3
(61.3)
11.7
(53.1)
20.3
(68.54)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
6.3
(43.3)
8.4
(47.1)
12.8
(55)
17.5
(63.5)
22.1
(71.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
20.1
(68.2)
15.2
(59.4)
10.7
(51.3)
7.4
(45.3)
14.56
(58.21)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
2.2
(36)
3.6
(38.5)
7.2
(45)
11.2
(52.2)
14.9
(58.8)
17.1
(62.8)
17.1
(62.8)
13.5
(56.3)
9.9
(49.8)
6.0
(42.8)
3.6
(38.5)
9
(48.22)
Record low °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−16.8
(1.8)
−10.5
(13.1)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.9
(33.6)
4.0
(39.2)
9.0
(48.2)
8.6
(47.5)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
−16.3
(2.7)
−19.2
(−2.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 87.1
(3.429)
74.5
(2.933)
69.8
(2.748)
63.2
(2.488)
44.7
(1.76)
33.8
(1.331)
15.5
(0.61)
15.9
(0.626)
39.1
(1.539)
68.2
(2.685)
79.0
(3.11)
105.0
(4.134)
695.8
(27.393)
Average precipitation days 14.8 13.1 12.8 11.4 8.5 5.9 3.1 3.0 5.2 9.2 11.3 14.2 112.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 3.6 3.2 4.1 5.4 7.5 9.5 10.5 10.1 7.6 5.4 4.1 3.6 6.22

 

AREA: 11.043 km²

POPULATION: 1.603.137 (1990)

TRAFFIC CODE: 16

DISTRICTS: Bursa (Center), Osmangazi, Yıldırım, Nilüfer, Gürsu, Gemlik, Kestel, Mudanya, İznik, Orhangazi, Karacabey, Mustafa Kemal Paşa, İnegöl, Yenişehir, Keles, Orhaneli, Büyükorhan, Harmancık.

SITES OF INTEREST: Uludağ National Park, Çekirge, Armutlu, Oylat, Gemlik hot springs, Armutlu, Kumla, Kurşunlu beaches, Prusa city walls, Nikaia (İznik), Miletopolis (Karacabey), Mirlea (Mudanya), Kirmastı (Mustafa Kemal Pasha), Atranos (Orhaneli), Neopolis (Yenişehir) antique cities, Ayasofya, Koimesis, Hagios churches, Nikaia Necropolis, Palace and Hipogeum, Orhan Mosque and Complex, Yıldırım, Yeşil, Hüdevendigar, Muradiye, Koca Sinan Pasha, İshak Pasha complexes, Bursa and Karacabey Grand Mosques, Yıldırım Bazaar, Bursa Archeology, Bursa Atatürk, Bursa Türkish Islamic Works, Mudanya Armistice and İznik museums.

Camps

Nur Camping
Yalova Route / Bursa
Tel: (224) 254 74 53

Ömer’s Place Camping
Gölkaya Village Orhangazi / Bursa
Tel: (224) 587 74 26

National Parks And Forest Campsites

Sarıalan
Uludağ National Park, Bursa
Tel: (224) 254 52 81

Çobankaya
Uludağ National Park, Bursa
Tel: (224) 254 52 81

 

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