Bolu

 

Bolu was part of one of the Hittite kingdoms around 2000 BC and later 500 BC became one of the leading cities of the Kingdom of Bithynia (279 BC – 79 BC) . Bebryces,Mariandynes, Koukones, Thyns and Paphlagons are native people of the area in antique era.Strabo (XII, 4, 7) mentions a Hellenistic town, Bithynium (Greek: Βιθύνιον), celebrated for its pastures and cheese, which according to Pausanias (VIII, 9) was founded by Arcadians from Mantinea.

In the Ancient Roman era, as is shown by its coins, the town was commonly called Claudiopolis after Emperor Claudius. It was the birthplace of Antinous, the posthumously deified favourite of the Roman Emperor Hadrian, who was very generous to the city, and his name was later added to that of Claudius on the coins of the city. Emperor Theodosius II (408-50) made it the capital of a new province, formed out of Bithynia and Paphlagonia, and called by him Honorias in honour of his younger son Honorius.

Bolu has a humid continental climate under the (Köppen climate classification Dfb), bordering an oceanic climate (Cfb), with cold and snowy winters and warm summers with cool nights. Unlike the low-lying, sheltered city center, many parts of the province, like Gerede, have humid continental climate (Dfb), due to very cold winters. January mean temperature is 0.7 °C, and temperatures rarely rise more than 12.3 °C and rarely drop below -15.0 °C during winter months. July mean temperature is 19.9 °C and temperatures rarely drop below 8.3 °C and rarely rise up to 32.2 °C in summer months. Lowest temperature recorded is -28.2 °C on 30 January 1958, and the highest was 39.8 on 06 August 2006. Bolu is a usually cloudy and foggy city and annual sunshine hours are about to be 1,600.Bolu’s climate is similar to Budapest‘s climate.

Climate data for Bolu (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.8
(67.6)
20.8
(69.4)
28.0
(82.4)
31.8
(89.2)
34.4
(93.9)
37.0
(98.6)
39.3
(102.7)
39.8
(103.6)
37.3
(99.1)
34.4
(93.9)
26.2
(79.2)
23.5
(74.3)
39.8
(103.6)
Average high °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
7.1
(44.8)
11.3
(52.3)
16.7
(62.1)
21.4
(70.5)
24.8
(76.6)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82)
24.4
(75.9)
19.2
(66.6)
13.2
(55.8)
7.5
(45.5)
17.18
(62.91)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
2.0
(35.6)
5.0
(41)
9.8
(49.6)
14.0
(57.2)
17.4
(63.3)
19.9
(67.8)
19.7
(67.5)
16.1
(61)
11.8
(53.2)
6.9
(44.4)
3.1
(37.6)
10.53
(50.96)
Average low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.0
(39.2)
7.7
(45.9)
10.6
(51.1)
12.8
(55)
12.9
(55.2)
9.7
(49.5)
6.4
(43.5)
2.0
(35.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.95
(40.92)
Record low °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−17.8
(0)
−10.0
(14)
−2.3
(27.9)
2.2
(36)
4.4
(39.9)
3.2
(37.8)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−24.3
(−11.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.7
(2.272)
45.4
(1.787)
52.0
(2.047)
51.7
(2.035)
60.1
(2.366)
52.7
(2.075)
31.0
(1.22)
25.2
(0.992)
27.1
(1.067)
42.9
(1.689)
45.8
(1.803)
63.4
(2.496)
555
(21.849)
Average precipitation days 15.4 14.4 14.8 14.0 13.8 11.6 6.4 5.6 7.1 10.2 11.6 15.4 140.3
Average snowy days 14 11 6 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 3 9 43
Mean monthly sunshine hours 34 66 100 155 196 213 244 232 185 96 54 28 1,603

 

The countryside around Bolu offers excellent walking and other outdoor pursuits. There are hotels in the town for visitors. Sights near the town include:

  • The 14th-century mosque, Ulu Jamii.
  • Bolu Museum holding artifacts from Hittite, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
  • The hot springs Kaplıcalar.
  • Lake Abant and village of Gölköy, near the university campus.
  • The famous crater lake called Gölcük.

 

AREA: 11.051 km²

POPULATION: 536.869 (1990)

TRAFFIC CODE: 14

DISTRICTS: Bolu (center), Akçakoca, Cumaova, Düzce, Gerede, Gölyaka, Göynük, Kıbrısçık, Mengen, Mudurnu, Seben, Yığılca

SITES OF INTEREST: Yedigöller National Park, Abant Lake, Kartalkaya, Şifalı Su and Sünnet Gölü forest recreation areas, Akçakoca beaches, Bolu hotsprings, Hisartepe and Üskübü (Konuralp) ruins, Seben Çeltikdere rock houses, Ceneviz, Keçi castles, Antinoos Temple, Bolu and Mudurnu Yıldırım Bayezid mosque complexes, Akşemseddin Mausoleum at Göynük, Gazi Süleyman Pasha Mosque and Süleyman Pasha Bath, Bolu and Konuralp museums, Konuralp Roman Theater (Kırıkbasamaklar).

Camps

Tezel Camping
Hürriyet Mah. / Bolu
Tel: (374) 611 41 15

Nejat Camping
Değirmen Ağzı Mevkii / Bolu
Tel: (374) 611 43 35

Hamburg Camping
Değirmen Ağzı Mevkii / Bolu
Tel: (374) 611 29 91

Küçükev Camping
Ayazlı Mah.
Tel: (374) 618 70 65

İskele Camping
Ereğli Yolu Üzeri
Tel: (374) 618 75 46

Martı Camping
Ereğli Yolu Üzeri
Tel: (374) 618 76 50

Güven Camping
Kalkın / Darıdere
Tel: (374) 622 41 02

Hello Camping
Melenağzı Köyü
Tel: (374) 628 61 47

Georgia Camping
Melenağzı Köyü
Tel: (374) 628 63 96

Provincial Cultural Directorate

Tel: (374) 215 76 22
Fax: (374) 215 36 32
State Fine Arts Gallery Directorate

Cultural Center – BOLU
Tel: (0 374) 215 11 37
Fax: (0 374) 215 36 32
Museum

Bolu Museum
Address: Bolu Kültür Merkezi – Bolu
Tel: (374) 215 39 72
Historical Sites and Ruins

Akşemsettin Mausoleum- Göynük

 

 

Lake Abant

Lake Abant (Turkish: Abant Gölü) is a freshwater lake in Turkey‘s Bolu Province in northwest Anatolia, formed as a result of a great landslide. The lake lies at an altitude of 1,328 m (4,357 ft) at a distance of 32 km (20 mi) from the provincial seat of Bolu city. It is a favorite vacation and excursion spot for both Turkish and foreign travellers thanks to the natural beauty of its surroundings, which are covered with dense forests, and easy access by car (it is served by a 21 km (13 mi) road leaving from the İstanbulAnkara motorway or the highway at the level of Mount Bolu, three hours’ drive from these two largest cities of Turkey). Lake Abant is a natural park.

 

 

 

  • The lake covers an area of 1.28 km2 (0.49 sq mi) and its deepest spot is 18 m (59 ft). The lake area has two large hotels in the immediate vicinity of the shores, as well as other amenities and services for visitors, who sometimes alternatively opt for the family guesthouses available in the nearby town of Mudurnu 18 km to the south. To the north of the lake, at a distance of 8 km (5.0 mi) from Bolu city, is the main campus of Abant Izzet Baysal University.

 

 

 

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